The aim of Root Canal Treatment is to save a tooth that has been badly damaged due to decay, disease or injury. Toot canal treatment is successful in most cases. If you take good care of the treated tooth it may last for many years and possibly for the rest of your life.
All general dentists are trained to perform root canal treatment. Some patients may be referred by dentists to a specialist dentist, endodontist, who has special training and qualification in root canal treatment.
Infection/Inflammation of the pulp can be due to
- Break down of a filling or crown.
- A deep cavity.
- Gum disease.
- Crack or chip in the tooth.
- Sever wear.
- Extensive dental work to the tooth.
X-ray is taken to examine the tooth Local anaesthetics is given.
- A sheet of latex/non-latex called rubber dam is placed over the tooth to deep it clean & dry during treatment.
- Special instruments called files are used to remove the inflamed or infected pulp.
- Each canal is cleaned, enlarged and shaped.
- Several x-rays may be required to check the shape & length of the canals.
- A temporary filling is required to protect the inside of the tooth between visits. It may take a few to several visits.
Completion of treatment
To protect the inside of the tooth and prevent further infection, the root canals are filled, and the pulp chamber is sealed. As it takes time to heal completely, follow-up visits may be needed to confirm satisfactory healing. This is usually checked by examining the tooth and gums, and by taking an x-ray.
A crown is usually required as an endodontically treated tooth may have a higher risk of the fracture without the protection of an artificial crown.